FEG-01 Solved Assignment 2012 -2013 Foundation Course in English
IGNOUFEG-01 Solved Assignment 2012
FoundationCourse in English - 1 (FEG-01)
Max. Marks: 100
Answer all the questions
1 Read the passageand answer the questions that follow:
International cricket sensationSachin Tendulkar has joined forces with UNICEF
to get Indian children to washtheir hands for better health and hygiene as part of
the first ever Global HandwashingDay held on 15" October. Tendulkar was
featured in a public serviceannouncement that was broadcast in 14 languages on
television channels across thecountry to build support for the campaign targeting
students in more than six millionschools across India.
"Having a celebrity ofthis stature, who is instantlyrecognizable to cricket fans
not only in India but around theworld, will help us mobilize millions of young
people," said Karin Hulshof, UNICEFrepresentative in India. "Lending free-ofcharge
his image to promote handwashingwith soap will undoubtedly save many
children's lives." TheIndian campaign is part of a global movement uniting
millions of children in 52countries across five continents as part of the
International Year of Sanitation2008. Nearly half of the world's population, or
2.6 billion people, do not haveaccess to adequate sanitation. This dire situation
has widespread implications onhuman health, child survival, economic
productivity and pollution ofliving spaces and water resources. Washing hands
with soap is one of the mostcost-effective health measures to prevent diarrhea,
the second biggest killer ofchildren in India. Proper handwashing can red=
diarrheal cases by 47 per centand acute respiratory illness by 30 per cent.
This campaign highlights the needto wash hands with soap before meals and after
defecation. Human excreta is theessence of the sanitation challenge. One gram of
faeces can contain 10 millionviruses, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and
100 parasite eggs. Washing handsand using toilets properly impacts not only
health, but also education. Thesanitation coverage in Indian schools is estimated
to be about 58 per cent. However,providing private and separate sanitary latrines
in schools can increase girls'enrolment by 11 per cent. Proper sanitation facilities
in schools can drasticallyimprove the chances of a girl finishing her education.
Currently, only 34 per cent ofIndia's girls arecompletingtheir schooling.
Q1.Say whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the
passagegiven above. (5)
I Theyear 2008 was declared as the International Ye& of Sanitation.
ii.The publicannouncement on hand washing was broadcast in only Hindi and English.
iii The target audience wererural children.
iv Children in over 52 countriesdo not have access to proper sanitation.
v Girls do not often completetheir education due to inadequate toilet facilities.
Q1 (b) Answer the followingquestions:
(1) Why was Sachin Tendulkar selected to drive theUNJCEF Campaign on Global Handwashing for Children?
Solution: SachinTendulkar was selected to drive the UNJCEF Campaign on Global Handwashing forChildren becausehe is having celebrityof this stature, who is instantlyrecognizable to cricket fan not only in India but around the world, will helpus mobilize millions of young people.
(ii)Whyis washing of hands with soap so important, especially for children?
Solution: Washing handswith soap is one of the most cost-effective health measures to preventdiarrhea, the second biggest killer of children in India. Proper handwashingcan red=
diarrheal cases by 47 per centand acute respiratory illness by 30 per cent.
(iii)What effect doespoor sanitation have on people's life? (2)
Solution: Poor sanitation can ruin one’s health as One gram of faeces cancontain 10 million viruses, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and 100parasite eggs. Washing hands and using toilets properly impacts not onlyhealth, but also education on people's life.
ivWhen is it most essential to wash hands? Why?
Solution: Most essentialto wash hands with soap is ..before meals and after
(v)How does washing hands andusing toilets properly impacts our education
Solution: Providing private and separate sanitarylatrines in schools can increase girls' enrolment by 11 per cent. Propersanitation facilities in schools can drastically improve the chances of a girlfinishing her education. Currently, only 34 per cent of India's girls are completing theirschooling.
Q2Starting with one of the sentences given below continue the narrative for about
150to 200 words.
(ii)We heard screams coming from the house. It soundedas if someone was
interrible pain.A Girl was screaming I m so pale and Ugly. Agnes turned her head and glared atthe raven. Its beak was closed, and its beady eyes gazed at her withoutemotion. It didn’t even give her the satisfaction of looking smug. She turnedback to the mirror.She was in pain as she was very ugly and pale. Pale like anapparition. Her nose was grotesquely upturned, the nostrils two unsightly ovalsin the middle of an unattractive face; irises the color of runny shit, andeyelids with no lashes; lips so thin, the color of a mild bruise.
“Yes, you know that,” the ravensaid. “You've been ugly since the day you were born. Other children ran fromyou, called you ‘Ugly Duckling.’ You remember?”Agnes shifted her position infront of the dresser so she could see the bird in the mirror. “Shut up!”
“It's not going to work, Agnes.Nothing ever will. You'll always be ugly!”
Again in front of her mirror,Agnes was applying lipstick. She rolled her eyes and turned to face the bird.“It'll work, this time. You watch and see!”She turned back and began teasingher hair. The show started at eight, and she didn’t want to keep her new friendwaiting.
“You've had dates before,” thebird continued. “A few firsts, but never seconds. They only agree to go outwith you because they feel sorry for you. You tried to kiss one, once,remember? What did he do?”
“He threw up on me.”
“Yes, you made him puke, you’reso ugly.”
“That's not why he threw up. He'dbeen drinking.”
“You'll never get one back here,you know.”
Agnes closed her eyes and took adeep breath.
“You realize you're hideous, evenwith all that whore-paint?”
She turned and threw the brush atthe raven, missing it by a foot. It mocked her with its silence and stillness.This time, it would work. “Just watch and see.”
The woman’s name was Anna, andshe was only a little late. She was blonde and petite, so pretty that Agnescould only stare at her as she rambled on about her university classes. Theyhad met at a local coffee-house and struck up a conversation, Agnes feelingbold after a strong latte.
They had one thing in common: alove for gothic horror and the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, and this topic keptthem talking for over an hour. Agnes had been shocked when Anna invited her tothe movies; she didn’t seem to mind her appearance at all. In fact, she seemedattracted to her conversation.
After the movie, she feltspellbound by Anna. “I have an original copy of The Raven and Other Poems,”Agnes told her outside the theater.
“No, I do. Copy from 1845, theyear it was first published. Would you like to see it?”
“You have it with you?”
“No, it's at my house.”
Anna seemed hesitant.
“I also have some awesome gourmetcoffee and a really good stereo system. We can talk.”
“Yeah, okay,” Anna agreed.
“Poe wrote that the most sublimesubject in literature is the death of a beautiful woman, the only topic worthyof poetry,” Agnes said, smiling down at Anna. She straddled the woman’s waiston her bed, caressing her cheek lovingly. “Have you heard that?”
“How can she answer you if youhave her drugged?” the raven asked beside her.
Agnes turned and faced the bird.“The question was rhetorical, bird-brain. She's a literature major and wouldknow that.”
Yellow light bathed her room froma lamp on the nightstand. Anna was breathing deeply, her eyes closed. Agneslowered herself and brushed her lips against the woman's. The kiss wasintoxicating.
“It does you no good to turn gay,either. Women find you just as ugly and pale as men.”
“Shut up, for once, would you? Iknow what I’m doing. Watch and see!”
“You are dumb, too. Stupid as theday is long. Brains would have been something, but you have nothing. No brains,no looks. You're a waste of a life. Hopeless.”
“So you say,” Agnes said calmly,enraptured by the beautiful sleeping face in front of her. “I better tie her upbefore she wakes.”
Anna's eyes fluttered open.
Agnes was surprised how calm shefelt, how in control. The woman tried to speak, to shout, but she was gagged tothe point of choking on a dirty washcloth. She tried to tug free from herbonds, but her hands and feet were secured tightly to the bedposts in carefullytied knots.Standing on Anna’s right-hand side, near the lamp, she held up arazor blade for her to see and gave an adoring smile.
Anna’s eyes went wide with fear,and she struggled further in vain.
“So, you're going to go throughwith it? This is your last chance to stop.”
Agnes tilted her head and lookedtoward the corner of the room. “I've told you repeatedly to shut up. You'resupposed to be dead!”Anna turned her head to follow Agnes' gaze -- a screech ofwretched horror erupted from her throat, muted by the gag.Walking to the otherside of the bed, Agnes picked up the stuffed raven that sat on a shelf aboveher mother’s corpse. “I don’t want to hear you anymore right now.”
Her grossly obese mother --strangled just that morning -- was tied to a dining room chair, her head thrownback, eyes open, toothless mouth agape. A worn and grimy nightgown clung to herample girth-rolls like a massive tarpoleum. Agnes lowered the razor blade andsqueezed her mother's cheeks, the sickening aroma inside her mouth forcingAgnes to wince and look away for a moment. She retrieved her mother's limptongue - which was noticeably devoid of moisture - and stretched it taut,sawing it off near the back with the razor blade. She discarded the stiff,putrid organ in a small waste can and sat the stuffed raven back on the shelf. Besideher on the bed, Anna thrashed like never before, her gagged scream a continuousmelody of terror.
3 Write a dialogue between a parent and a child inabout 150 words saying why
washingof hands is essential for health. You may take the points from the
passageand add some of your own. (15)
Solution: Child(coming from garden): Wow mom nicefood (while picking french fries)
Mom: No don’t pick unless youwash your hands with dettol soap .
Child: pls mom I m hungry I wannafood
Dad : Its bad manner son , go and wash your hands then you canhave food.
Child : but why it is soessential to wash hands before having meal ?
Mom: Before we eat, it’s much recommended towashing our hand. This is mainly because we never know any kinds of bacteriathat have been living in our hand when we do our activity before. Eating as oneof human activity that entering any kinds of food into our body is one of manyactivity that have a high risk to make many bacteria also enter our bodythrough foods that we eat. The bacteria as one of creatures that can be seenthrough bare eyes, should using microscope to see bacteria, is one creaturethat can make a lot of illness kinds that we never expected before. Because ofthis condition we should wash our hand before eating to kill bacteria thatliving in our hands to prevent ourselves from any kind of illnesses that wenever wanted before. we have to use the right soap also. We have to wash ourhand using water first to make our hands wet and easy to use the soap. Afterall of our hand side already wet, we can use the soap to clean our hands fromany kind of bacteria. Soap is one of important thing when we want to clean ourhand while we washing hand. It’s mainly because soap has the killer of bacteriain our hands. Because of this, soap becomes one of important things when wewashing hand. After we clean our hand using the soap, we should clean the soaptrace in our hand. It’s because if we don’t clear the soap trace in our hand,it will make our foods have a very strange taste or sometimes have a taste ofsoap that we use for cleaning or washing our hands.
Child: Ohh I see
Dad: if you don't wash your hands frequently, youcan pick up germs from other sources and then infect yourself. You're at riskevery time you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. In fact, one of the most commonways people catch colds is by rubbing their nose or their eyes after the coldvirus has gotten on their hands. When kids come into contact with germs, theycan unknowingly become infected simply by touching their eyes, nose, or mouth.And once they're infected, it's usually just a matter of time before the wholefamily comes down with the same illness. Handwashing is one of the most important ways of controlling the spreadof infections, especially those that cause diarrhoea and vomiting, andrespiratory disease. The recommended
Child : Ok I got it …I m going to wash my hands andbe right back !!
4 Answer thefollowing:
i Complete the following sentencewith suitable prepositions:
We always insist payment advance.(2)
Solution: coming soon
ii Make this sentence into a single sentence, using therelative pronoun
Iapplied for a job. I saw this job advertised in the newspaper.
Solution: I applied for a job that advertised inthe newspaper.
iiiFill in the blanks using the correct form of the verb: (1)
Willyou be able to find out when the first plane to Paris ?
(a)leaves (b) will leave (c) leave
Solution: Will you beable to find out when the first plane to Paris leaves
iv Fill in the blanks with thecorrect article: (2)
(a) The proposal was accepted byunanimous vote.
(b) There is hourly bus serviceon this route.
vi Fill in the blanks with theappropriate conjunction:
(a)She had flu she did not take part in the race.
Solution: She had flu soshe did not take part in the race.
vii Complete the phrasal verb byinserting the correct particle: (1)
Everyone was put by his rudebehavior.
viii Fill in the blanks with thecorrect words to complete the proverbs: (2)
(a) A…( stitch )... in time saves nine.
(b)Cut your… (coat)….according to your cloth.
5 Change the following sentences into the passive voice:
.i. Do you know him?
Solution: Does he known by you.
11 The cook tasted the soup.
Solution: The soup was tasted by cook.
iiiAnu answered all the questions easily.
Solution: All thequestion were answered by Anu.
ivThey bought stamps from the post office.
Solution: Stamps werebrought by them from post office
vYou cannot park the car here.
Solution: The car cannotbe part here by you
6 Change the following sentwces into the active voice:
.1. The thief hasbeen arrested.
Solution: The thiefarrested
11 He was punishe4by the teacher.
Solution: The teacher punishedhim
iiiThe children ard being interviewed by the Principal.
Solution: The principleInterviewed children.
ivMy pocket has been picked.
Solution: My pocketpicked
vAmerica was discovered by Columbus.
Solution: Columbus discoveredAmerica
7 Use the correct verbfrom the brackets to fill in the blanks: (10)
\\ A Spoilage caused by microbes, insects andother pests .....have........
(hashave) led to the search fornewer, surer and safer methods of food
preservation. Preserving food bydrying, fermenting, salting and smoking
......has....... (hashave) beenin practice for several centuries. Canning,
refrigerating, freezing,controlled atmosphere storage and the use of
chemical preservatives andpesticides ......are.......(arefis)later inventions
which ......have.......... (hashave)contributed to the increased food supply
and food security in modem times.A recent entrantto the list of
preservation technologies ......are....... (adis) foodirradiation.
B Use of neem inmedicines ........are..........(is/are)no less important. Neem
preparations ......have...........fias/have)been extensively used against a
variety of skin diseases, septicsores, and infected burns. The effect of
neem preparations on some of thedreaded viruses .......have........(haslhave)
also been probed. Researchstudies in the USA ......has..........(hasfhave)
shown that neem -leaf extractscan inhibit certain enzymes in the hepatitis-
B virus. German studies .......reveals..........(reveallreveals)the efficacy of
neem extracts against the herpesvirus. fromto of on at i/n with
Fill in the blanks choosing thecorrect words fiom the list given below: , (6)
diary, dairy; quiet, quite;profit, prophet; patrol, petrol; desert, dessert; gait, gate
.1. Cow's milk is sold at this ..... dairy..........
11 He likes ...... quiet..........s urroundings.
iii The company has made no ...... profit......... this year.
iv The price of ...... petrol........... has gone up.
v ........ dessert.......... was served soonafter the dinner.
vi Please meet me at the ..... gate
Fill in the blanks with the rightwords from the brackets: (6)
1 A ....... notorious............. dacoit has been caught bythe police.
ii We saw a dead body ......... floating...... down the river.(swimming/ floating)
iii The telephone was ....... invented.......... by Graham Bell.
iv Prem is always on time. He isvery.. .... punctual........... (regular/punctual)
v My brother's handwriting isvery ........illegible...........(illegible/eligible)
vi We must drink ......... clean......... water.(cleanlclear)
Fill in the blanks using theprepositions given below:(8)
.i. You must think .......of........ a good plan.
11 She spoke ............to.... me on thetelephone.
iii A beginner's paintings can't be compared......with......an experts.
iv He was accused ...........from..... stealing books.
v This shop deals only.. ......on....... ready-made garm-- ents.
vi The old man died ......in...... cholera.
vii Silk worms feed ........on...... mulberry trees.
viii He was upset by my refisalto accede. ......with.......hisrequest.
Mark the correct stress in thefollowing words. You may consult the dictionary.( 5 )
i- telephone, ii- preparation,iii- objectives, iv- vocabulary, v- arrangements
Solution: Coming soon